Linde LLC submitted a Tier 2 application for the California Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) for a Tier 2 pathway for hydrogen as a co-product from the commercial electrolytic production of sodium chlorate from a facility located in Québec, Canada.
The produced hydrogen is liquefied and transported via truck to fueling stations in California. The liquid hydrogen is re-gasified and compressed at Linde fueling stations before being dispensed.
The carbon intensity—including liquefaction, transportation and regasification—is calculated as 56.06 gCO2e/MJ. The LCFS currently has 14 certified pathways for hydrogen, with CIs ranging from 165.88 gCO2e/MJ (Linde Canada production of hydrogen from central reforming of natural gas), to 0 (hydrogen production via electrolysis using solar electricity) to -46.91 (landfill gas to on-site hydrogen production via cracking of methane).