The government of Mexico City has a wide-ranging “Green Plan” that, among other measures, will seek to better manage traffic flow, improve the emissions quality of the public transportation fleets, and put more emphasis on walking and cycling.
The full Green Plan tackles the future of conservation; restoration of the local ecosystems including a focus on the basins of the Magdalena and Eslava rivers and reforestation and restoration with an average of 3,000 ha and 2.5 million plants per year; green buildings; the establishment of more public spaces and parks; the repair and extension of the water infrastructure, including drainage and treatment; transportation; air quality; energy; and waste and recycling.
Among the measures proposed for transportation and traffic are:
A major renovation of the bus and taxi fleets with lower-polluting, more fuel efficient vehicles, with Euro-4 being mandatory in all metrobuses.
Replacing the thousands of microbuses with fewer, larger, less-emitting vehicles by 2009.
Use of ultra low sulfur diesel in public transport as of 2008-2009.
Extending the weekday license-plate-based driving restrictions to Saturday.
Mandatory busing for school.
Replacing 100% of the government fleet with efficient, low-emitting vehicles by 2012.
Extension of mass transit lines.
Creation of pedestrian-only zones and increase support for cycling with the goal of 5% of personal trips being made by bike before 2012. This includes 300 km of bikeways by 2012.
Intelligent traffic management systems including smart signalling on the main roads and 15 reversible flow roads by 2010. 8,000 new cameras an 100 radars will monitor infractions.
Mandatory emissions testing for cargo vehicles and a reorganization of the schedules for cargo vehicle traffic.
Mexico City is the world’s second largest urban agglomeration, to the UN, with a population estimated at 19.4 million in 2005 and projected to grow to 21.6 million by 2015. (According to UN figures, Mexico City will yield its number two spot by 2015 to Mumbai, India, currently number 3.) Tokyo is the world’s largest urban agglomeration, with some 35.2 million people in 2005.
: Urban Air Quality Programs for Mexico City 2000-2010